The purpose of the curriculum
The main objectives of the curriculum are to prepare your pupils to:
• acquire mathematical literacy necessary to function in an information age
• cultivate the understanding and application of mathematical concepts and skills necessary to thrive in the ever-changing technological world
• develop the essential elements of problem solving, communication, reasoning and connection within the study of Mathematics
• take advantage of the numerous career opportunities provided by Mathematics
• further their studies in Mathematics and other related fields.
The role of the teacher
One of the principal duties of a Mathematics teacher is to prepare and present good lessons to his or her pupils. It is your role to:
• be as well informed as possible on the scheme of work
• know the aims and objectives of each topic
• select appropriate content material
• decide on the best methods of presentation, such as group work, worksheets, question-and-answer sessions, debates, etc.
• keep informed about social and environmental issues, and other current news in Nigeria and the rest of the world
• encourage learning that will promote creativity and critical thinking in pupils through innovative teaching approaches.
To be effective in presentation, you, the teacher, must do a written/typed plan for each lesson. This must include aims, objectives, resources, time frames, content for the lesson, activities, homework, assessment, and ideas/additional worksheets to cater for pupils requiring extension or learning support (remedial). Prepare each topic in advance. Many teachers go into the classroom inadequately
prepared. It is your responsibility as a Mathematics teacher to actively involve your pupils in the learning process. It is a proven fact that pupils learn far more by doing than by listening.
Mathematics involves being curious and asking questions. Wherever possible, ask questions to engage the pupils, encourage independent thought processes and develop problem-solving skills. Start your lessons by asking the pupils to write down answers to questions related to your lesson (approximately five questions). This will settle them into the lesson. You can use different types of questions in your lessons:
• for diagnostic purposes, enabling you to determine prior knowledge on the topic Introduction vi
• for consolidation of challenging concepts during the lesson
• for stimulation of interest in the subject
• for understanding
• for concluding the lesson.
This will assist you in finding out whether your pupils have grasped the concepts/ terminology in the lesson. It will also highlight any areas/concepts they may need to revise at home, or that you may need to revisit in the next lesson.
Teachers must ensure that they do not appear to have favourites in the class. It is important to devise a system that ensures that you ask questions fairly, being careful not to embarrass weaker pupils if they cannot answer a question.